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Lemongrass Care: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Lemongrass

Lemongrass Facts

Lemongrass, scientifically known as Cymbopogon citratus, is a herb that has been prized for its culinary and medicinal properties for centuries. With its unmistakable lemony fragrance and refreshing taste, lemongrass adds a burst of flavor to various dishes and beverages. Originating from Southeast Asia, this perennial grass-like plant has become popular in many cuisines around the world, including Thai, Vietnamese, and Indian cooking.

In addition to its vibrant flavor, lemongrass also provides a range of health benefits. It is packed with antioxidants that fight inflammation and lower the risk of chronic illnesses. Furthermore, lemongrass contains citral and geraniol compounds, known for their antimicrobial properties. These qualities make it an ideal ingredient for herbal teas or infusions that promote relaxation and digestive well-being. Another remarkable aspect of lemongrass is its ability to act as a natural repellent. The strong citrusy scent emitted by the plant effectively repels mosquitoes, ticks, and other bothersome bugs. Moreover, lemongrass provides additional advantages for your garden by acting as a natural barrier against pests like aphids and whiteflies. Additionally, its antimicrobial properties help prevent fungal diseases in nearby plants.

Whether you are a culinary enthusiast looking to elevate your recipes or someone interested in exploring the wonders of herbal benefits, lemongrass is certainly an herb worth getting acquainted with. In the following sections of this article, we will delve into how to plant, grow, and harvest lemongrass so you can enjoy its fresh flavors and benefits right from your own garden.


  • Lemongrass is a warm-season grass that thrives in temperatures between 70-85°F. It is best to plant lemongrass after the last frost date in your area. The ideal time for planting is late spring or early summer when the soil temperature is consistently above 50°F. This will ensure optimal growth and development of the plants.
  • Lemongrass requires full sun to thrive, preferably at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. It is essential to provide them with ample light for their energy production through photosynthesis. Without sufficient sunlight, lemongrass may become weak and prone to disease.
  • The spacing between lemongrass plants depends on their intended use. For culinary purposes, space each plant approximately 24 inches apart to allow enough room for each clump to grow and develop without crowding each other. If you’re growing lemongrass for ornamental purposes in containers or as an accent in the garden, you can keep them closer together, around 12 inches apart, for a denser look.
  • If your area experiences freezing temperatures during winter or if you live in a region where temperatures frequently drop below 40°F, it’s best not to plant lemongrass directly in the ground outdoors.


  • Watering the seedlings regularly is essential for their healthy development. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. As the plant starts to grow, pay attention to its water needs and adjust accordingly.
  • Once the lemongrass seedlings have reached a suitable size, it’s time to plant them in your garden or container. Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil for optimal results. Dig holes that are slightly wider and deeper than the root ball of each seedling, ensuring they are spaced adequately apart for proper growth.
  • As it matures and establishes its roots, you can gradually decrease the frequency of watering while maintaining sufficient moisture levels in the soil. Aim for deep watering sessions rather than light sprinkling. Remember that even though lemongrass loves moisture, overwatering can be detrimental and lead to root rot.

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You’ll be able to refer to this reference whenever you need to look up the ideal growing conditions.

Lemongrass fact sheet

Recommended Varieties

When choosing varieties of lemongrass to grow in your garden, it is important to consider the climate you are in. For those in cooler regions, the East Indian lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) is a fantastic choice. This variety can tolerate temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit and has a strong, refreshing lemon scent. It is commonly used in cooking and for making herbal teas and essential oils.

On the other hand, if you live in a warmer climate or have access to a greenhouse, the West Indian lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) might be more suited to your needs. This variety has large clumps of tall stems with broad leaves and a stronger flavor than its East Indian counterpart. It is widely used across cuisines for its distinct lemony taste and aroma.

Another popular variety worth mentioning is Cochin lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus x Cymbopogon pendulus). This hybrid exhibits increased frost resistance while maintaining the desirable properties of both East Indian and West Indian lemongrasses. Its aromatic leaves can be used fresh or dried for culinary purposes, making it a versatile choice for any garden.

No matter which variety you choose, growing your own lemongrass offers numerous benefits – from enjoying its delightful fragrance to using it in various recipes that will elevate your dishes.


  • Generally, it is recommended to harvest lemongrass when the stalks are about 12-18 inches in height, which usually occurs around late summer or early fall. Waiting until the stalks reach this height ensures that they have developed their full flavor and aroma.
  • To harvest lemongrass locate the base of each stalk by gently moving aside any surrounding foliage. Then, using a sharp knife or pruning shears, cut the stalks at ground level. It’s important to make clean cuts just above where each leafy shoot meets the base of the plant. By doing this, you not only ensure a neat appearance but also stimulate new growth for future harvests.
  • If you plan on using them immediately in cooking or making tea, simply remove any dry or tough outer layers and chop or bruise the inner cores before adding them to your dish or steeping in hot water.
  • You can also store fresh stalks in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to two weeks or freeze chopped lemongrass for longer-term storage.

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Interesting Facts

Lemongrass, with its refreshing citrusy flavor, adds a unique and tangy taste to dishes. But have you ever wondered what it tastes like? Well, lemongrass is known for its bright lemony aroma and a slightly sweet, herbaceous flavor. It has hints of lemon and ginger combined with a subtle floral undertone. The taste can vary depending on the variety of lemongrass and how it is prepared. Whether used in teas, curries, soups, or marinades, the delicate yet vibrant flavor profile of lemongrass is sure to tantalize your taste buds.

Beyond its culinary uses, lemongrass holds fascinating mysteries that are worth exploring. Native to tropical regions like Southeast Asia and Africa, this perennial grass has been traditionally used for medicinal purposes. Its essential oil contains compounds like citral and limonene which possess antimicrobial properties. Lemongrass oil also provides relief from anxiety and helps improve digestion. The plant’s strong scent has been utilized as a natural insect repellent too.

In addition to its flavorful appeal and beneficial properties, lemongrass also carries symbolic meaning in different cultures. In many Asian traditions, it represents purification and cleansing energy that drives away negative forces while inviting positivity into one’s life. Feng shui practices often use this fragrant grass to enhance harmony and balance in living spaces by promoting tranquility and serenity.

Pest and Diseases

  • Aphids: These small, soft-bodied insects feed on the sap of lemongrass plants and can cause curling or stunted growth. Keep an eye out for clusters of aphids on plant stems and leaves.
  • Rust Fungus: This fungal disease appears as orange or brown spots on the leaves, which eventually turn black and may cause leaf drop. To prevent rust fungus, ensure good air circulation around the plants and avoid overhead watering.
  • Spider Mites: These tiny pests suck the juices from lemongrass leaves, causing them to become speckled with yellow or bronze spots. Regularly misting the plants with water can help deter spider mite infestations.
  • Root Rot: Overwatering or poor drainage can lead to root rot in lemongrass plants. The roots become mushy and discolored, negatively affecting the overall health of the plant. Ensure proper drainage when planting lemongrass and avoid overwatering.
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Download Our Fact Sheet

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, it’s important to understand the basic needs of plants to ensure successful growth and bountiful harvests. That’s why we’ve created a downloadable Fact Sheet for your journal or garden planner, so you have all the key information at your fingertips.

Our fact sheet provides a quick overview of details on plant care. You’ll be able to refer to this reference whenever you need to look up the ideal growing conditions for this plant. With this quick reference guide in hand, you can easily consult it whenever you need reminders about caring for your plants.

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Better Harvest: Tips for an Abundant Garden Yield

Grow Fruits and Vegetables in Season

The art of gardening is a dance with time, where the rhythm of each plant’s growth plays a symphony, and the changing seasons compose the perfect melody. When you align your fruits and vegetables with their rightful season, an enchanting magic unfolds within your garden.

The growing season can vary depending on where you live and the type of plant you’re cultivating. For example, if you’re in an area with chilly winters, your growing season might kick off in late spring or early summer. It’s all about giving your plants what they need, when they need it.

But why is sticking to these growing seasons so important? Well, think of your plants as the pickiest of connoisseurs. They want everything just right, like Goldilocks searching for the perfect porridge. Planting during their ideal season ensures they receive the optimal amount of sunlight, water, and nutrients to thrive. It’s a recipe for success, resulting in healthier plants and higher yields.

When you carefully gather your crops at the precise moment of ripeness, their flavors burst forth like a dazzling symphony of fireworks. The taste that dances upon your palate is simply unmatched when compared to plucking them prematurely or out-of-season. It’s akin to unearthing a treasure trove overflowing with an abundance of mouthwatering flavors, immersing yourself in the very essence of Mother Nature’s generous harvest.

As you begin your gardening odyssey, immerse yourself in the rhythm of the seasons. Bestow upon your precious plants the exquisite present of impeccable timing, and they shall graciously bestow upon you a magnificent symphony of flourishing vitality and tantalizing flavors. Brace yourself for this melodious expedition, for it shall undoubtedly leave you breathless, marveling at the extraordinary marvels bestowed by Mother Nature herself.

Better Harvest : Grow in season fruits and vegetables

Great Plants to Include in your Food Garden

Growing your own food is not only fulfilling but also a fantastic way to eat healthy and save money. To Unlocking the true potential of your harvest hinges on meticulously selecting the perfect plants for your garden, taking into account elements such as climate, soil composition, and even your personal tastes and desires.

Here are some great plants to include in your food garden that can help you get the most from your harvest:

Tomatoes: Home gardeners adore tomatoes for their ease of growth and extended fruit production. With varieties ranging from cherry tomatoes to beefsteak and heirloom tomatoes, there’s something for everyone. Just ensure they get at least 6 hours of full sun, well-drained soil enriched with organic matter, and regular watering.

Peppers: Versatile and available in vibrant colors like green, red, yellow, and orange, peppers are perfect for adding flavor to dishes or enjoying as a healthy snack. They also require full sun and well-drained soil rich in organic matter.

Zucchini: If you’re looking for a fast-growing plant that yields tasty fruits all summer long, zucchinis are an excellent choice. They thrive in as little as 3-4 feet of space but need a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight daily. Ensure well-drained soil enriched with compost for their success.

Lettuce: A cool-season crop, lettuce can be grown almost year-round depending on your climate. It prefers partial shade in hot summers but craves full sun during winter months. Loamy soil mixed with compost is ideal for lettuce cultivation.

Cucumbers: Refreshing and delicious, cucumbers are a fantastic addition to any garden. They are beginner-friendly, growing quickly and producing fruits abundantly. Similar to tomatoes and peppers, they require full sun and well-drained soil enriched with organic matter.

Create an environment where your plants can thrive and flourish, their roots stretching out in ample space to reach for the sky. Bathe them in the warm embrace of sunlight, allowing its golden rays to caress their leaves for a minimum of six hours each day. Nurture them with soil that is both porous and rich, teeming with organic matter that will nourish their every fiber. By carefully selecting these vital elements, you shall reap the rewards of a plentiful harvest, bursting with the vibrant flavors of nature’s bounty throughout the ever-changing tapestry of the growing season.

Better Harvest : Pollinators

Pollinators and companion plants to help your harvest

Pollinators are not merely important, but absolutely vital for the exquisite process of plant reproduction. These remarkable creatures assume a pivotal responsibility in ensuring the continuation of plant life. They can be likened to nature’s own diligent assistants, diligently orchestrating the magnificent symphony that allows our harvest to bear the succulent fruits, delectable nuts, and precious seeds that tantalize our taste buds and nourish our souls.

Pollination occurs when the bees and other insects collect nectar from flowers, and in the process, they transfer pollen from one flower to another. If you want to attract more of these pollinators to your garden, companion planting is the way to go. Planting a diverse range of flowers and herbs alongside your fruits and vegetables or in between them, you can improve pollination rates by attracting more pollinators to your garden.

One great example of a companion plant is marigold. Marigolds are known to repel harmful nematodes that damage root systems of many plants, such as tomatoes and potatoes. Additionally, marigolds attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings that prey on garden pests like aphids. So planting marigolds near your vegetables not only improves pollination but also helps control pests.

Another fantastic companion plant is basil. Not only does basil bring a delightful fragrance to your garden, but it also attracts bees with its sweet scent while repelling flies and mosquitoes with its pungent aroma. It’s like having your very own natural pest control system!

Doing some research on good garden companions can go a long way in improving your harvest. By attracting pollinators and repelling pests, companion plants create a harmonious and thriving garden ecosystem.

In conclusion, I implore you to wholeheartedly embrace the ever-changing seasons. Handpick the most suitable plants, and extend a delightful invitation to these awe-inspiring pollinators to partake in your magnificent garden soirée. With good timing and the company of thoughtful companions your harvest shall undoubtedly emerge as a captivating masterpiece. May your gardening endeavors be filled with sheer delight and joy!