Arugula, also known as rocket or roquette, is a peppery and flavorful leafy green vegetable prized for its distinctive taste and nutritional benefits. Originating from the Mediterranean region, arugula has a long history of culinary use, adding a punch of flavor to salads, sandwiches, pizzas, and pasta dishes. Arugula plants belong to the Brassicaceae family and are characterized by their deeply lobed leaves and clusters of small white flowers. They are fast-growing annuals that thrive in cool weather and prefer well-drained soil and partial shade. Arugula is often harvested when the leaves are young and tender, before they become too bitter. With its bold flavor and versatility in the kitchen, arugula and its plants are popular choices for home gardeners and chefs looking to add a zesty kick to their dishes.

Plant Type

How To Plant

To plant arugula seeds, choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Begin by preparing the soil by loosening it to a depth of about 6 inches and removing any debris. Sow the arugula seeds directly into the prepared soil, scattering them thinly and covering them lightly with a thin layer of soil. Water the seeds gently but thoroughly, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist during germination. Arugula seeds typically germinate within 7-10 days when the soil temperature is around 50-65°F (10-18°C). Once the seedlings emerge, thin them to about 6-8 inches apart to allow for proper growth. Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season, especially during hot weather, to prevent the plants from bolting. Harvest the arugula leaves when they reach the desired size, typically 4-6 weeks after planting, by snipping them off near the base of the plant. With regular harvesting, arugula will continue to produce fresh, peppery leaves for your salads and culinary creations.